A Legislation to Increase Regulation of Host Community Agreement was Approved by the House

Image result for medical marijuana image

February/7/2020

On February 5th
Massachusetts Housed approved a bill that would give Cannabis Control
Commission more power to regulate community host agreements or the contracts
between municipalities and marijuana business being operated within their
jurisdiction.

According to a MassLive.com
report, the measure which would allow the CCC to review and enforce the
contracts which are referred to as community host agreement was passed by the
House in a vote of 121 to 33.

MassLive.com further
reported that Massachusetts law requires all applicants of marijuana business
permits to enter into a community host agreement with the municipality or town
before their applications can be considered by the CCC. As per the current
rules should be for a maximum of five years, and the cities or towns should not
subject marijuana sales to a tax above 3%. The tax imposed is supposed to
offset the impact of marijuana business on the locals.

According to the news
outlet, the legislation which was approved on Wednesday would grant the
municipalities the authority to relinquish the requirement of community host
agreement from the applicants. It would also clarify to the applicants of
marijuana business permits that the five-year duration starts on the day they
launch their businesses. The legislation also the companies do not have any
additional financial obligation to the city or town except the 3%, which is
imposed on gross sales.

After the Mayor of Falls
River Jasiel Correia was arrested, the issue of Host community agreements in
Massachusetts was brought into the light. Correia was arrested for embezzling
thousands of dollars from marijuana businesses in exchange for approving their
licenses. According to the court document, Correia was accused of bribery,
extortion, conspiracy, aiding and abetting, wire fraud, and filing false tax
returns.

 Masslive.com further reported that in January
of 2019, the CC requested the legislators to give them the mandate to supervise
host community agreements.


Medical Marijuana Patients in West Virginia Might Soon Start Accessing Marijuana in Plant Form

Image result for medical marijuana image

February/10/2020

Cumberland
Times-News reported that the medical marijuana law in the state of West
Virginia has been amended by lawmakers allowing patients to access the plant
form of marijuana.

The
news outlet further reported that the amendment was part of Senate Bill 339.
The bill was a package of regulations that the Department of Health and Human
Resources in West Virginia submitted to the legislature for approval. 

Cumberland
Times-News further reported that on 5th February, the House of Delegates
Judiciary Committee held a meeting to debate on the legislation and the Del.
Brandon Steele (R-Raleigh) requested to change the DHHR regulation to allow
patients enrolled in the West Virginia medical marijuana program permission to
use the plant form of treatment. The motion to amend the legislation was passed
through a voice vote.

Medical
marijuana was legalized in West Virginia in 2017, and the state’s
medical-marijuana program specified that the dispensaries were only allowed to
sell pills, oils, topical, tinctures, vaporization, liquids, or transdermal
patches to patients, Cumberland Times-News reported. 

The
news outlet further reported that although the Senate already approved the
legislation, the House of Delegates is slated to vote on the measure, and the
Senate must also pass the amendment.

Last
year December, the DHHR started accepting applications for marijuana business
permits from prospective marijuana cultivators, processors, distributors, and
laboratories. However, when medical marijuana was legalized in 2017, the
legislation stipulates for the program to be launched on 1st July 2019.

The
delay in launching the program can be attributed to the state officials or the
struggle to establish a banking solution for the marijuana industry. Last year,
Element Federal Credit Union based in South Charleston was awarded a banking
contract by Treasurer John Perdue to conduct business with medical marijuana
businesses within the state; wholesales are expected to begin in 2021.


5 Effective Ways of Relieving a Weed Hangover

Kush in Close-up Photography

The legalization of
marijuana in some parts of the world has people curious about what they think
they know about cannabis. Does it have a morning-after effect, and if so, how
can it be relieved?

The first thing that comes to mind when you hear the
word hangover is alcohol. Alcohol is not the only substance that has possible
morning-after side effects. Some marijuana users have experienced morning
after-effects, especially after a heavy intake of the drug.  Most weed users believe that weed hangover is
just but a myth. But research shows that there have been cases of morning-after
effect. After heavy use of marijuana, some people may experience a hangover
while others don’t; this is all dependent on your intake and your tolerance
levels.

Fatigue, dry mouth, laziness, dehydration, mild
nausea, and a headache are some of the symptoms of a marijuana hangover.  There are times you may be feeling off after
using weeding, but it does not mean that you have a hangover.

Here are some of the potential factors that may have
you experiencing an off morning after effect;

Mixing weed with other drugs and alcohol may affect how you will be feeling in the morning.

Marijuana withdrawal for a heavy user may result in withdrawal symptoms. The symptoms include insomnia, mood change, and difficulty in focusing.

The lasting effects of weed. A weed high is dependent on factors like dose, weed concentration, method of delivery, personal metabolism, and tolerance.

Effective Ways of Relieving a Weed Hangover

There is no quick fix for a weed hangover, but here
are some of the things you can do to ease your hangover discomfort.

1. Hydrate

 It would be
best if you made an effort to stay hydrated always. Drinking water before,
during and after using weed helps you stay hydrated. Hydration will make you
feel energized and also prevent you from having a headache, a dry mouth, and
dry eyes. Avoid caffeinated drinks.

2. Take A Balanced Diet Breakfast

 Breakfast fit
for a king is just what you need. The right amount of carbs, lean protein, and
healthy fats is just what you require to get over your weed hangover. Then wash
it down with a glass of orange juice; you will feel much better than you did
earlier.

3. Shower

Taking a shower will make you feel refreshed and
hydrated. A hot bath is just what you need after a night of partying. The steam
from that the hot shower will help open up your airwaves.  Showering is the easiest way to get over
lethargy and fatigue.

4. Sleep

Sleep is the best remedy. If
you are lucky enough to have a flexible working schedule, then it will be best
if you took some time off work to rest after a wild night of partying. The
easiest and the best way to relax and recover is to get back to bed and sleep
it off.

5.
Exercise

If you are not in a position to sleep it off, the
exact opposite is what you need. Working out helps with the stimulation of the
flow of blood, sweating, and making you feel more energized and alive.

How
To Prevent a Weed Hangover

  • Avoid
    using weed the night before an important day like job interviews and the likes.
    You want to be sharp and focused, not to be looking for ways to cure a
    hangover.
  • Weed
    hangover is most likely as a result of overconsumption, learn your limit, and
    stick to it.
  • Avoid
    using weed every day as this may build up your tolerance level, which may
    trigger withdrawal symptoms in the morning. There is also a danger of
    developing a marijuana addiction.
  • Avoid
    mixing substances. Mixing alcohol or any other drugs with marijuana is dangerous.

Conclusion

Marijuana hangover has no quick fix, but it will
eventually subside given time. 
Headaches, dry eyes, and mouth, fatigue, dehydration are some of the
symptoms of a weed hangover. As mentioned before, there is no quick fix, but
there are a few things that you can do to help ease the hangover experience.
Sleep, exercise, hydration, and food are some of the recommended ways of
effectively reducing weed hangover. In severe cases of headaches, you can take
over the counter pain relievers. You should avoid taking marijuana with other
substances.


Marijuana Rehabilitation Tips Communities Should Learn

Green Cannabis Plant

The availability and prevalence of weed have made it somewhat hard to manage or quit the use of the drug. Since the legalization of marijuana in some states for both medical and recreational use, it has become even harder to control the use and abuse of the drug.

Just like a weed hangover,
most people believe that weed cannot be addictive while it is. And just like
any drug addiction, it can be challenging to overcome it all alone without the
support of friends and family- a support system. Once your tolerance level is
high, and you are entirely dependent on the drug, it becomes hard to quit. The
biggest hurdle to quitting is the withdrawal symptoms. The withdrawal symptom
is the reason why people keep going back to the drug despite the unpleasant
consequences, A person that is struggling to discontinue the use of cannabis
has several treatment options open to them.

OVERCOMING
MARIJUANA ADDICTION

Drug addiction isn’t a death
sentence, nor is it a sign of weakness. Overcoming the addiction is not easy
but recognizing that you have a problem and that you are willing to do
something about it is worth celebrating. The first step is the most difficult,
which is admitting that you have a problem and that you are ready to make a
change.it is understandable to have self-doubts about how strong and committed
you are towards the changes you are going to undertake. Commitment to a
lifestyle change comes with a lot of sacrifices. Once you decide to be sober,
many things will have to change, this includes;

  • Your way of
    dealing with stress
  • The company you
    keep
  • What you do with
    your leisure time
  • How you perceive
    yourself

Having doubts about your
ability to commit to these changes is reasonable. The thought of giving up the
high that you get off weed may torment you. But always remember why you are
making the changes in the first place. Support, motivation, and time from
friends and family will help you to enjoy the road to recovery fully.

Marijuana
Rehabilitation Tips the Communities Should learn

No man is an island. We are
co-dependent on each other. As a recovering addict, you need someone to look
out for you and always have your back. Sometimes you need an accountability
partner that gives you checks and balances. Who is better to do that than your
family and friends and the community at large? There is a lot that the
community can do to aid in rehabilitation process.

Rehabilitation
Tips Communities should learn

  • Community involvement.
    Getting a person involved in community activities will give them sense of
    belonging. It also makes them feel that they are part of a larger family. Time
    spent doing something involving and meaningful will also take the mind of their
    addiction issues, and they will feel more productive and appreciated.
  • Sober social networks.
    A recovering addict needs to spend time with sober people that will be
    providing constant support. The only way to achieve this is to ensure that
    sober people surround a recovering addict.
  • Provide a sober
    living home, it is especially crucial if a recovering addict does not have a
    stable or drug-free living home. Moving into a sober living home guarantees the
    he/she is getting to live in a home that is marijuana free.
  • Communities
    should provide a support group. A place where recovering addicts can share
    their challenges and encourage each other. Joining one of those groups will
    offer great support for a person especially when they feel drained.

Conclusion

the first step to recovery
is admitting that you have a problem and you are willing to change. The
decision to be sober is solely dependent on the person abusing the drugs. Our
work is to help by providing moral support. It is our responsibility as the
community to offer support when we are needed. Understanding that drug
addiction is an illness will help with how addicts are handled and treated.
Avoid labeling and looking down on them. Provide a drug free environment that
encourages their speedy recovery.


Rhode Island Governor Pushes for Recreational Marijuana Legalization

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January/31/2020

Rhode Island Governor
Gina Raimondo is campaigning for an unusual adult-use legalization plan, which
is focused on government-owned stores being run by private contractors claiming
that it would provide marijuana entrepreneurs with modest business
opportunities.

The governor's move shows
the increasing pressure to legalize recreational marijuana along the East
Coast. In 2018, Massachusettes legalized adult-use marijuana. New York,
Connecticut, and New Jersey governors are ramping up their legalization
efforts.

Late 2018, Rhode Island
Governor started talking about the possibility of legalizing recreational
marijuana since all their neighbours either have it legalized or are also
looking to have it legalized.

Rhode Island is losing
revenues, and economic opportunities to the neighboring state, Massachusetts,
whose recreational marijuana program has a slow start but right now it picking
up.

The legislation calls for
private growers, processors, and contractors licensing, which would allow them
to manage the retail outlets. The bill does not provide a cap on the number of
licenses to be issued.

The private contractors
would obtain medical marijuana products from private growers and processors.
They would also receive a payment from the state for running the state-owned
retail outlets. The fee given to the private contractors is based on the sales
generated by the store.

Rhode Island recreational
market would remain small in the beginning, generating a total of $35 million
in the first financial year starting July 1. According to the draft bill, the
program would be launched on 1st January 2021.

Raimondo was applauded by
the marijuana industry experts for backing recreational marijuana legalization
after their efforts failed in 2019. They also said that the proposal raises
some legal questions and that the likelihoods of it passing the state
Legislature as it is is small.

The governor's ideas
coincides with the bout of over the control of the medical marijuana program
between her administration and the Democrat-controlled Legislature.

In December, the State
Senate leaders said that they are not in support of recreational marijuana
legalization within Rhode Island as it could corrupt their youths.

In her budget, the
governor included $21.8 million in tax proceeds from recreational marijuana
legalization in her annual budget to demonstrate her determination in
legalizing marijuana.

Marijuana Policy Project
campaign coordinator Jared Moffat said that they are happy to see the governor
take the initiative on recreational legalization of marijuana. Moffat noted
that it is frustrating to sit on the sidelines while Massachusetts collects
revenue from Rhode Island in the form of marijuana sales.

MPP is investigating if
the people operating the government-owned business would face legal issues,
Moffat said. In 2019, Utah abandoned a plan seeking to establish state-owned
medical marijuana dispensaries after the county lawyers found that the
employees would be at risk of being persecuted under federal drug laws.

Moffat further said that
he likes the Rhode Island plan as it includes a governor appointed Community
Equity and Reinforcement Council responsible for creating diversity and
economic opportunities within the industry.

According to the proposed
plan, 61% of the tax proceeds of recreational marijuana sales would go to the
government, while licensed private contractor would receive 29%, and 10% would
be given to the municipalities.

Currently, Rhode Island
has three licensed vertically integrated medical marijuana dispensaries that
can cultivate cannabis, but the dispensaries also rely on the 51 individual
marijuana cultivators.

The president of the
Marijuana Association in the state, Katie Sokol Ratkiewica, said that
cultivators might be favored by the adult-use plan. The association represent
weed growers and is also fighting to maintain a cap on the amount of marijuana
the dispensaries can grow.

Over the next five month,
the state will be holding hearings on the governors budget proposal, the
deadline for approving the legislation is 3oth June which is also the last day
of the financial year, but there is the possibility of extending the process.

Moffat further said that
is a likelihood that the budget will not be approved despite the
Democrat-controlled Legislature because Republicans and the moderate Democrat
might be against the state-owned retail stores.


THCP is a Natural Cannabinoid with Greater Potency than THC, a Study Show

THCP is a Natural Cannabinoid with Greater Potency than THC

January/10/2020

The end
of 2019 was marked by increased interest in marijuana research as a report in
the journal Nature showed that a team of Italian researchers discovered two new
natural cannabinoids, tetrahydrocannabiphorol (THCP), and cannabidiphorol
(CBDP). 

The binding
of THCP on CB1 and CB2 receptors may help explain why some marijuana chemovars
are more potent than others when consumed, both in their psychoactive and
therapeutic effects. 

THC has
held the spotlight as the most psychoactive compound since its isolation and
synthesis by a team of Israel scientists led by Dr. Raphael Mechoulam in 1964.
When THC is absorbed in the human endocannabinoid system, because of its
potency and its engagement with the CB1 receptor cells in the brain, it is
highly intoxicating. 

According
to Mechoulam, the Cannabis Sativa L. plant can produce about 150 individual
cannabinoids, and they are unique as per the plant. He also noted that the
phytochemical composition and unlimited combinations of these cannabinoids
between various species and strain make marijuana a pharmacological treasure
trove. 

In an
Email to Cannabis Business Times, the study author, Giuseppe Cannazza wrote
that the research is a representative of the beginning of further investigation
on the levels of THCP and CBDP present in various marijuana chemovars. Giuseppe
also said that they reported that they found THCP and CBDP in a particular
chemovar of medical marijuana, which was supplied by the Italian state. They
are not sure if other chemovars can produce these phytocannabinoids and to what
extent. The fact that they were unknown meant that researchers could not study
them. 

The
researcher found that THCP concentration in both vitro and vivo was not as
profound as that of THC. However, when THCP engages with the endocannabinoid
system of human being, their potency, when bound with the CB1 receptors, exceed
that of THC. The researchers did not examine the reaction of THCPA with the CB
receptors. 

When
performing the test, the researcher used a purified human CB1 and CB2
receptors. They found that unlike synthetic cannabinoids (CP55940 and WIN
55212-2), naturally obtained cannabinoid (THCP) binding potential with the CB
receptors was unrivaled. 

In
vivo, the researchers used a mouse model, whereby THCP binding potential with
CB1 receptors showed behavioral and psychological effects similar to those of
THC when a full dose is administered. The research finding showed that
scientists should conduct the full-spectrum testing of all the flower products,
not just THC and CBD. 

THCP
potency is determined by the number of carbon atoms on its molecular tail. For
THC and THCP molecules to engage with CB1 receptors, scientists suggest that
the likelihood of binding increases as they alkyl chain extends. 

The
researchers found that THCP affinity with CB1 receptors was 33 times more
active and ten times more engaged with CB2 receptors as compared to THC. The
study findings suggest that cannabis chemovars with THCP may be more
pharmacologically potent and highly psychoactive in consumers than THC. 

These
phytocannabinoids are the first marijuana compound that consists of more than
five carbons on their molecular tail, which was previously seen only in
synthetic cannabinoids. 

The
authors further said that they would be conducting further investigations on
the pharmacological activity of THCP and its relevancy to the consumer market,
as well as pharmaceutical development. Scientists will also conduct more
research on CBDP, but it will not hold much priority as that of THCP since CBDP
does not show a strong binding likelihood to CB1 and CB2 receptors. 


ACS Laboratory was Awarded 21 Emerald Test Badges for Excellence in Hemp and Cannabis Testing

ACS Laboratory was Awarded 21 Emerald Test Badges for Excellence in Hemp and Cannabis Testing

January/21/2020

Marijuana
and hemp companies producing CBD products rely on accurate lab results when
marketing their products. Medical grade laboratories such as ACS are ideal for
reproducibility, accuracy, and transparency, and marijuana and hemp companies
should rely on such companies when testing their products. ACS was awarded 21
Emerald Test Badges for excellence in potency, safety, and containment
testing. 

Emerald
Scientific developed and inter-Laboratory Comparison proficiency test known as
Emerald Test to bring consistency and standardization found in other
established industries in the marijuana sector. These established industries
include environmental, pharmaceutical, food, water, and petrochemical. 

The
president of Emerald Scientific, Wes Burk, said that the Emerald Test created
the Emerald Badge Program to ensure that laboratories that go all-out to
provide accurate results consistently, such as ACS, have a tool that shows
their success and commitment to good science and equality to their
customers. 

The
president of ACS Laboratory, Roger Brown, said that they are pleased to work
with Emerald Scientific in establishing marijuana testing standards that are
needed in today’s cannabis sector as it was unavailable before. Brown further
said that many companies whose tests were inconsistent in other laboratories
are turning to ACS for accurate testing results. He noted that ACS is proud to
be a leader in the dynamic marijuana industry with highly complex
matrices. 

Last
year, ACS Laboratory was awarded 21 Emerald Test Badges for potency tests for
marijuana buds, extracts, oils, and edibles, as well as analysis of microbes,
heavy metals, pesticides, and water activity. ACS also received Emerald test
badges for residual solvents, microbial, molds, and alien components in hemp
oil and flower. It was also awarded for accurately measuring size, and the
level of potency in beverages is low. 

Brown
further said that one of the advantages of ACS is that they know the difference
between hemp and marijuana. ACS Laboratory is DEA-registered, ISO-accredited,
and it has the CLIA certificate, which means that its facilities have the
necessary equipment and expertise to measure water-soluble cannabinoids found
in marijuana-infused beverages, which are absent in many laboratories. He also
noted that this year, ACS intends to break every record so that it remains as
the most trusted testing laboratory in Eastern USA and beyond. 

ACS is
also leading in the marijuana testing industry discovery; for instance, during
the outbreak of the vaping-related lung injuries, it was the first lab to
develop vitamin E acetate test. It is also the lead innovator in developing
tests for specialized pesticides such as glyphosate, paraquat, and diquat. ACS
Laboratory is popular because of its ability to meet market demand through
credible, reproducible, and accurate testing results, as well as its commitment
to innovation and award-winning outcomes. 


California Governor Annual Budget Proposal Could Simplify the Life for Marijuana Business

California Governor Annual Budget Proposal Could Simplify the Life for Marijuana Business 

January/16/2020

Marijuana businesses
in California could soon start enjoying better proceeds through the proposed
regulatory and tax collection system. 

It could also be an
indication that this year, more legislative help would be accorded to the
struggling legal marijuana market in California. 

On January 10,
California Governor Gavin Newson announced his annual budget proposal and said
that he wants to;

  • Combine three regulatory agencies into one by July
    2021. These agencies include the Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC), the
    Department of Food and Agriculture (FDA), and the Department of Cannabis
    Control (DCC).
  • Restructure cannabis tax collection system

Industry stakeholders
are in favor of both proposals; however, since the budget is yet to be approved
by the state legislators, a lot of details remain unannounced.

Communications chief
for the California Cannabis Industry Association (CCIA) Josh Drayton said that
when talking about the budget proposal, there are more unknowns than the
knowns. But he noted there is a possibility that both plans will be definite
for the legal market.

Drayton further noted
the merging of the three agencies would be a huge shift as it will unify three
agencies’ powers under one unit, the DCC.

The Bureau of Cannabis
Control duties includes overseeing the retailers, delivery services,
distributors, microbusinesses, events, and testing laboratories. While
marijuana manufacturers oversight is the responsibility of the Department of
Public Health and the Department of Food and Agriculture regulates the growers.

 When the
proposed DCC is approved and operational, it will be the lead regulator for
every licensed marijuana business within the state of California.

Drayton further said
that since the market for legal recreational marijuana was launched in
California, one of the major problems has been contradictory messages from the
state authorities to marijuana companies that are trying to adhere to the
rules, particularly vertically integrated firms that have business licenses
from more than one agency.

Drayton also added
that the proposed revamp of the tax collection system would simplify the life
of the state revenue collection protocol more than that of the cannabis
industry. But with the governor’s support, there is the likelihood of lower
marijuana taxes.

Drayton further said
that the outbreak of the Vaping-related illness in 2019, was a wake-up call as
many legislators realized the severity of the black market products concerning
the general public health. This might have contributed to the argument of
lowering marijuana taxes to attract marijuana customers to the legal market.

During a budget news
conference held last week, Gov. Newsom said that his team is open to receiving
more input about marijuana tax reform as well as the possibility of lowering
the taxes, which showed that they are willing to review the entire tax process,
said Drayton.

Drayton further
anticipates that last year’s attempt by Assembly Member Rob Bonta to reduce
state excise tax from 15% to 11% and suspension of the cultivation tax till
2022 may be revived. 

If the proposed
changed to the law are approved, they will be effective as soon as 1st
July. 


Medical Marijuana Law in Utah to be Revised

Medical Marijuana Law in Utah to be Revised

January/21/2020

According
to The Salt Lake Tribute, during the upcoming legislative session, there is a
possibility that Utah Legislature will consider making several changes to the
medical marijuana programs in the state before it is launched. 

The
news outlet further reported that the legislature’s main sponsor is the Senator
Majority Leader, Evan Vickers. 

The
Salt Lake Tribune also reported that the primary provider in the legislative is
seeking to expunge criminal records of patients with past marijuana convictions
for low-level marijuana possession. 

According
to the news outlet, the bill removes the requirement, which states that
marijuana buds must be sold in a blister pack instead of glass jars. 

Besides,
the legislation also tries to handle testing for people driving under the
influence of marijuana and CBD issues, which can lead to positive test results
during routine police checks. 

According
to The Salt Lake Tribune, the legislation is also trying to remove the existing
limit on the number of patients a marijuana doctor is supposed to have. 

The
voters approved medical marijuana legislation (Proposition) in the state of
Utah in 2018. The legislation is the latest attempt to make amendments to the
original medical marijuana law. Several weeks after the legalization of medical
marijuana, the Governor signed into law a controversial compromise bill that
put the state in charge of regulating the cultivation, manufacturing,
processing, and distribution of medical marijuana products. Last year, the
state of Utah eliminated a proposed residency requirement for any business in
need of marijuana cultivation permit opening the state market up to outside
companies. 

In
September, the lawmakers held a special legislative session and approved new
amendments that eliminated the state’s original plan for state-run dispensaries
and increased the number of dispensary licenses to 14. 

In
July, the state issued eight cultivation licenses, and earlier their month, they
selected fourteen medical marijuana licenses. 

On 27th
January, Utah legislation will meet for its upcoming 45-day legislation
sessions. In March, the state of Utah is expected to launch its first medical
marijuana sales. 


Reason Marijuana Businesses are Employing Former Politicians and Regulator to Lead the Lobbying Effort

Marijuana Businesses are Employing Former Politicians and Regulator

January/15/2020

Marijuana
businesses are employing former national and state politicians as well as
regulators to help them traverse the dynamic background surrounding marijuana
legislation and lobbying efforts as they try to advance the cannabis
industry. 

For
instance, earlier this month, Green Leaf Commission, which is based in
Maryland, hired Joy Strand to help coordinate the company’s governments
relation across several states. Strands are the former executive director of
the Medical Cannabis Commission in Maryland. 

This
cycle of employment is a sign of the maturation of the marijuana industry since
other industries, such as the financial sector, energy, and health care firm
industries have been relying on the expertise, and insider connections of
former politicians and ex-government officials to help them shape the
legislative, and regulatory policies that affect the respective sectors. 

Acreage
Holding is based in New York, and it is one of the notable marijuana companies
that has adopted this trend. Acreage Holdings trades on the Canadian Securities
Exchange as ACRG.U. It also trades at the over-the-counter markets as
ACGRF. 

Acreage
Holding is among the largest marijuana companies in the U.S., and its board of
directors is the former U.S. House Speaker John Boehner and former
Massachusetts Gov. Bill Weld. The former prime minister of Canada, Brian
Mulroney, also sits on the board. 

While
in the U.S. Congress, Boehner was opposed to marijuana legalization, but when
the opioid epidemic escalated, he was educated on the benefits of medical
marijuana as well as the need for research. 

Speaking
to Marijuana Business Daily, the CEO and Chair of Acreage Holdings, Kevin
Murphy said that legislative marijuana reforms greatly influence the company’s
path, as well as the entire cannabis industry. 

Murphy
further said that his company decided to build a Board of Directors that could
deliver political connections and deep business experienced the highly
regulated marijuana industry. 

Dean
Grafilo is another former politician who joined Sacramento, California, firm
Capitol Advocacy as it envied his close relations with the politicians and his
20 years of experience in legislative process and policy. 

Capitol
Advocacy marijuana clients include Parallel and Crosstown California Holdings.
The parallel is based in Atlanta, and it is a vertically integrated producer
and seller of marijuana products, and in 2019, the company paid $120,000 to
Capitol Advocacy for their services. Crosstown Holdings operates the NFuzed
brand of cannabis inhalers and edibles. 

At the
end of 2017, Grafillo created the Bureau of Cannabis Control, which is
responsible for awarding to marijuana businesses such as dispensaries,
distributors, and testing laboratories. 

Before
Grafilo transferred to consumer affairs, he was the chief of staff for the
State Assembly Member Rob Bonta. Bonta is the lead developer of the Medical
Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act, which created the licensing, labeling, and
tracking systems used in regulating medical marijuana in California. 

At the
beginning of 2017, Mika Malonis, who was also a top aide of Rob Bonta, left his
position for K Street Consulting based in Sacramento. K Street Consulting
lobbied in 2019 on behalf of Flow Kana company, which is based in Mendocino
County for a bill allowing the licensed companies to share product samples with
its employees free of charge but not to the public. 

Vice
president of Flow Kana’s policy initiative, Michael Wheeler, said that he was
looking to hire someone with more knowledge on regulations when hired K Street.
Wheeler further said that Mikalonis has a high memory when it comes to citing
code, and he understands every challenging aspect of the marijuana
industry. 

In
2019, Flow Kana paid $112,000 to K Street Consulting for their services. K
Street’s other marijuana clients include Los Angeles Delivery Alliance and
Palomar Craft Cannabis. 

Hdl
Consulting is the most influential marijuana firm in Orange County, California,
as it has experts in marijuana tax policy, law enforcement, legislation, and
compliance. And it is helping shape the world’s largest adult-use marketplace
city-to-city. Demand for their services has increased since California voters
approved adult-use marijuana in 2016 because marijuana business needs the
approval of the city of the county before applying for state permits. 

Mark
Lovelace, who started working at Hdl in 2017, said that the state left much
work for the local governments. Previously, Lovelace worked as the Humboldt
County Board Supervisor and helped develop a framework for regulating marijuana
within the state. He also helped implement a voter-approved tax on commercial
marijuana cultivation and track-and-trace pilot program.