Things To Consider When Thinking About  Medical Marijuana Use

Medical marijuana is on the minds of most Americans in one form or another. A majority of states have legalized marijuana for medicinal uses, with more joining the fold every day.

Cannabis is lauded as a cure-all by one side of the fence and an evil plague on the other. So, will this magical plant cure everything or will it destroy the world? The reality lies somewhere in the middle. There are some conditions where patients swear by its effectiveness, and there are others that may have fallen to the hype.

Whether medical marijuana could be beneficial to you depends a lot on your personal needs. To help make that statement a little less ominous, let’s cover the basics of medical marijuana and some important things to consider to help decide if medical marijuana is an avenue you want to try.

What is medical marijuana?

Medical marijuana uses the Cannabis Sativa plant, or chemicals derived from it to treat illnesses and conditions. The difference between recreational and medical marijuana is the application. They are otherwise the exact same plant. Medical consumers will be more careful about things like purity and dosage, but they are using the same raw materials.

The chemicals that make cannabis special are cannabinoids. There are over 120 different identified cannabinoids, but the two you need to be concerned with are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). These two being studied the most by scientists because they are by far the most common.

Each of these two cannabinoids binds with different receptors in your body’s endocannabinoid system. This natural system has cannabinoid receptors throughout your body and plays an important role in functions like sleep, appetite, mood, pain, memory, and immune function.

THC binds to CB1 receptors, which are mainly found in the central nervous system, and causes the psychoactive effects you experience. CBD binds to CB2 receptors, which are more common in immune cells, the GI tract, and the peripheral nervous system. Binding to these CB2 receptors won’t cause any psychotropic effects.

States that allow medical marijuana

The official stance of the federal government is that marijuana is an illegal drug. At this point, most federal agencies have adopted a laissez-faire approach and allow states to govern themselves.

There are currently 33 states as well as the District of Columbia that endorse medical marijuana. These states are:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Washington
  • West Virginia

There are states that allow restricted use only which include: Alabama, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

What conditions do we use medical marijuana for?

There are many different ailments that marijuana is thought to help treat. The amount of medical evidence that marijuana can help these conditions swings wildly. In general, research into how marijuana can help treat patients doesn’t yet exist.

Because the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) still classifies marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug, it is difficult to get approval to research it. That mindset is slowly changing, but it is still a difficult process. The national legalization of marijuana in Canada has opened the doors to a host of new research, but finding answers will take time.

For now, there are some conditions that marijuana is already thought to be helpful in treating.

  • There are some forms of cancer that cannabis is thought to help fight off, but it is commonly prescribed to help with the side effects of chemotherapy like nausea, vomiting, or weight loss.
  • Marijuana is helpful in stimulating appetite. It is used for eating disorders like anorexia and wasting syndromes like cachexia.
  • Epilepsy is one of the few conditions with hard evidence showing the benefits of cannabis use. The only FDA-approved medications associated with cannabis are used to treat rare forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and Dravet syndrome.
  • Glaucoma sufferers have been shown to get relief from excess intraocular pressure while using marijuana.
  • Some patients with mental health issues like anxiety, schizophrenia, and posttraumatic stress disorder have gotten significant relief from the plant.
  • Cannabis has been prescribed to help with painful muscle spasms and stiffness caused by multiple sclerosis.
  • Various pain syndromes have also found relief with cannabis. Both CBD and THC have had promising results in clinical trials.

Limited FDA approval

Despite the many prescribed uses for medical marijuana and the anecdotal evidence for relief that many patients report, there are very few medicines approved by the FDA that contain cannabis or cannabis-related chemicals.

  • Marinol and Syndros use dronabinol, a man-made form of THC, and is prescribed to help with nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy. These drugs are also prescribed to help appetite stimulation in certain patients.
  • Cesamet uses nabilone, another man-made cannabinoid, and is prescribed for cancer patients too.
  • Epidiolex used CBD to treat Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome, two rare forms of epilepsy.

How do you get ahold of medical marijuana?

States that have legalized medical marijuana require you to get a written recommendation from a licensed doctor in that state. Now all medical professionals are comfortable giving marijuana to patients. To qualify you need to have a condition that is approved for medical marijuana to treat before issuing a green card. The conditions that qualify vary by state.

Once you have a license, you will be able to buy medical marijuana at a state-approved dispensary.

How to consume medical marijuana

Many different products and solutions are available depending on your needs and what your preferences are.

  • There are oils available that are vaporized and then inhaled.
  • Dried leaves and buds can be smoked
  • Cannabinoids come in pill form
  • Marijuana can be baked into foods
  • A potent tincture can be used by placing a few drops under the tongue
  • Topical creams can be rubbed onto problem areas.

Inhaling gives almost instantaneous relief. Eating cannabis takes several hours to feel the full effects, but they last longer. Drops will be felt within 5-15 minutes. Topicals likely won’t penetrate the skin and are for local relief.

Keep in mind that patients respond to drugs differently. Factors like age, race, gender, and genetics all play a role in how marijuana is going to act on your system.

To compound the problem, dosing can be a hassle. This is one major obstacle to clinical trials, which find it hard to administer consistent amounts of the plant to patients. Mass-produced edibles have been shown to swing wildly when it comes to potency and were very inconsistent with how much THC or CBD was in each supposed dose.

Part of this is because not all marijuana is the same. Strains are bred to have certain properties and proportions of cannabinoids and will make the user feel completely different than another strain. The potency of a strain will also vary from grower to grower. The same Blue Dream or OG Kush may have 5% THC from one producer and 20% coming from another.

Possible side effects of using medical marijuana

Despite the reported safety of marijuana use, there are still some possible side effects to watch out for.

  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Hallucinations
  • Poor judgment or coordination

Smokers of marijuana experience many of the same breathing problems as smokers. Conditions like chronic cough and phlegm can occur in long term smokers.

For consistent users, some experience mild withdrawal symptoms if they cut back on the usage of marijuana. Cells will develop a tolerance for the drug over time which is expressed as a reduction in the number of cannabinoid receptors in cells.

Studies have shown long term impairments in cognitive function. It’s unknown whether the effects are permanent, but it did show that developing brains showed the sharpest decline. Nursing or pregnant women are at risk of passing THC onto their children. The cannabinoid has been linked to developmental problems in infants who were exposed.

Final thoughts

If you live in a state that offers legal medical marijuana, it can be a viable option for those suffering from applicable conditions. Marijuana isn’t a wonder drug, but for the right patients, it has consistently been shown to provide relief.

If you aren’t sure, the best thing to do is to have a frank discussion with your doctor. More and more medical professionals are seeing the benefits of offering marijuana as an alternative to nastier medications like opiates.

Weigh your options, look at the newest research, and make a decision based on what you are comfortable with.


What’s the Difference Between Black Market Cannabis and Legal Goods?

Marijuana continues to gain ground in state after state as a legal commodity. Acceptance is spreading with two-thirds of the U.S. in support of recreational cannabis. Yet, legal marijuana has failed to sink the black market sale of the same substance.

The seedy underbelly that was once the drug’s only distribution source is still going strong. The black market still has a product to sell and customers to sell it to.

So in this time of legal weed sold in an illegal manner, where customers can choose to buy what they like, what separates black market marijuana from the legal stuff?

Quality control

Any marijuana that comes from a legal seller has to be tested by a state-accredited lab. Each state sets standards for marijuana to pass through to deem it safe for consumers. Those lab results are available to every customer that buys them.

These independent labs look for contamination in cannabis. That means things like residues from pesticides, being screened for fungus, mold, and mildew, and verifying that the crop doesn’t contain heavy metals. Each product is tested multiple times along the supply line, looking for potential hazards that would make it unsafe for buyers.

With marijuana off the street, there aren’t those guarantees. Unless you know the specific grower, and you watched them cultivate, harvest, and process it, it’s impossible to know what possible contaminants are in that particular batch.

The same state regulations that mandate testing also dictate exactly how marijuana can be grown. Producers can only use pesticides that are approved by the Department of Agriculture and have to keep records of exactly what they use. The entire growing process is strictly regulated from the temperature, lighting, humidity, water supply, and ventilation of every plant in an operation.

With illegal marijuana, you can’t guarantee that it’s dirty, but you can’t be certain that it’s clean either. All you have to go on is how much you trust your dealer and the people they work with.

With legal cannabis, you can be 100% certain that what you are getting is pure marijuana. Lacing other drugs into bags of weed has always been a problem with the black market. The problem used to me with drug dealers lacing their marijuana with drugs like angel dust or PCP. Now, the problem is with hardcore narcotics like fentanyl, which is a synthetic opiate 50 times stronger than heroin. Or they are adding in formaldehyde for a cheap way to supercharge their product.

Competing Costs

The cost of the final plant is where illegal products finally have an edge. Legal businesses have more costs to consider in their price including fees, taxes, and testing. A company can boast the best quality, but if its product is more expensive it will lose customers. In California, an eighth of weed is $20 on the black market, but $50 in a dispensary.

Advertising costs aren’t something that someone has to deal with who relies on word of mouth. Legal companies not only have to pay advertising costs but their hands are tied as well. Regulations keep them from being able to develop the most effective brand. Stores aren’t allowed to have cartoon characters or anything too cute in their adverts for fear that it would appeal to children.

Cannabinoid profile

Another large part of testing for legal marijuana is looking at the cannabinoid contents and potency of the strain. Every strain and in fact every crop has its own profile that will have different effects on you when you use it. Lab-tested marijuana has hard figures to tell you exactly what percentage of cannabinoids are there. The number is usually given as a percentage which is the proportion by dry weight.

The exact ratio of cannabinoids in your cannabis is an important figure. Knowing how much THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids are present will help to tell you how the marijuana behaves in your system. THC is the cannabinoid that gets you high, binding to the natural cannabinoid receptors in your brain.

CBD binds to similar receptors, but not in the same way.  If a strain is more evenly balanced, it won’t have as sharp of a high. These two molecules tug and pull on your system, balancing each other out.

This balancing act is downright essential if marijuana is medicinal. For the prescription stuff, it is specifically formulated to help with your particular ailment. The script that gets written for you will be different depending on whether you suffer from anxiety, PTSD, or glaucoma.

Illegal cannabis won’t have any figures attached. Any guess as to the potency or balance of a certain strain will be given in vague subjective terms. They may tell you that something is ‘good…stuff’, but what does ‘good’ mean?

The problem of availability

The strict hoops that legal producers have to jump through make them sluggish to react to consumer demand. The process to obtain a license slows the pace for store openings, keeping the opportunity alive for illegal activity.

Even within states that are legalized, municipalities can have separate rules that determine if dispensaries are allowed to operate in them. In California, almost 80% of municipalities don’t allow commercial marijuana activity.

Once the stores open, keeping them properly stocked is just as difficult. Canada saw monumental shortages in its supply chain for stores selling government marijuana. The country was also inundated with applications for cannabis-based businesses from cultivation, to processing, to sales.

The lack of red tape and agility of illegal growers has allowed them to step in and fulfill consumer demand. In California, the problem is so prevalent that the illegal weed market has eclipsed the legal one.

The pros and cons of legality

The sharp advantage that legal marijuana has over its illegal counterpart is that it is just that, legal. Being legal means that it’s being sold out in the open. Regulations are in place to watch over companies to be sure they have their customer’s best interests in mind. The entire infrastructure that surrounds the final product is transparent and accountable.

That lack of accountability is where black market drugs have an issue. People are quick to cut corners if it means making themselves a profit. Legal entities aren’t immune to this problem.

The recent vaping scandal shows exactly what neglect looks like on a supplier’s part. With vaping cartridges, the marijuana extracts weren’t the issue, it was the illegal additives. These adulterants, like vitamin E oil which is known to be harmful if inhaled, were added to extracts to make them more profitable. Companies looking to make better margins were adding products like Honey Cut into their cartridges to water down the marijuana. These products were undetectable to the end consumer because they had the same viscosity as THC oil. All it took was the ignorance or neglect of a single company to endanger the lives of consumers.

Having a high degree of accountability and oversight leads to higher quality and safer products. Had vaping cartridges been illegal, this scam might still be taking place.

Black market marijuana has the advantage of being illegal in certain instances too. Dealers are able to cut costs by avoiding taxes and other fees.  Illegal cannabis slingers are able to sell to minors.

Organized crime can move in and take over a territory. When the product is already illegal, breaking anti-trust or competition laws isn’t an issue.

When it comes to marijuana, problems exist on both sides of the law. The marijuana that legal companies bring to the market is well-vetted and certifiably pure. Consumers know exactly what they are getting and where it came from. But slow governments have led to huge gaps in consumer demand that illegal dealers are happy to take advantage of. Compound that with the issue of a higher price for the legal goods, and the black market is far from dead.

As legal actions catch up to intentions, these problems may subside, but for now, both legal and black-market marijuana are here to stay.


The Lowdown on Adult Recreational Use

With more and more adults living in states that endorse recreational use, the question of whether to try marijuana or not is one we will all face. There isn’t a single answer for everyone. We all have our preferences.

Instead of trying to sell you, let’s answer some questions. If you try marijuana what is going to happen? Let’s explore the good things you might experience and look at some of the positive ways that people are using cannabis in their daily lives.

To balance things out, we also need to go over some of the possible downsides that could come from using marijuana. What are some of the side effects of marijuana use? Is marijuana addictive? By answering some of these questions, hopefully, you will have a clearer idea of what recreational marijuana is like.

Why might I want to try marijuana?

Users turn to marijuana for the feeling that it gives them. They enjoy the high that THC brings and the changes in perspective that it provides. People will use marijuana to elevate everyday tasks into exciting and engaging activities.

The creativity boost that marijuana gives you is what some people are looking for. It helps with freeing the imagination and seeing things from a different perspective.

The munchies are real. Your appetite will be stimulated, but unfortunately, junk food might be the most appealing thing. Eating meals is refreshing. The flavors and textures of your favorite foods pop and sizzle in new and novel ways.

Depending on the strain, it can be your chance to relax and unwind, or your motivator to get things done. Falling asleep becomes much easier with laid-back cultivars. It can be just what you need to melt away the stress of your day. Focusing on boring tasks like cleaning or chores becomes effortless with more intense strains. Active pastimes and exercise can get more enjoyable, simulating the natural runner’s high and encouraging you to get out there and get fit.

Taking in different media while under the influence of marijuana is an eye-opening experience. Your brain will find different connections, focal points, and appreciate details in another light. People find music has a new emotional connection and possibly a built-in light show. TV and movies seem brighter, more fantastical, and more immersive. The increased energy and focus that you get with certain strains translates to better reflexes and a more enjoyable gaming experience.

Marijuana replacing different vices

A big reason that consumers turn to marijuana is to help replace other vices in their lives. The prospect of replacing unhealthy habits or drugs with a natural plant is appealing to some. Many people who start using cannabis find that they tend to use less of other substances like, alcohol, tobacco, opiates, and narcotics.

Users commonly replace alcohol with marijuana as a fun substance and social lubricant. The absence of a hangover the next day is a big plus, you aren’t forcing your liver to process all the alcohol, and you avoid the empty calories that drinks like beer and wine are full of.

The biggest alcohol distributors have taken notice of this trend. Companies like InBev and Molson Coors are investing in cannabis product lines to offset future lost sales.

Tobacco users know that the habit of smoking is harder to quit than nicotine. The drug will detox from your system within a few days, but the social cues and routines of smoking persist long after. That’s why some people are choosing to feed their desire for the ritual of smoking with a joint instead.

Dealing with the stress of the day and easing into sleep isn’t something that is easy for everyone. Many people have turned to sleep pills, which are often habit-forming, to help knock them out. Now, consumers are starting to opt for the relaxing sedation that comes with an Indica heavy strain.

Replacing opiates for chronic pain one of the more exciting prospects for marijuana. More and more people are turning to marijuana as a safer alternative to habit-forming pain pills. Mitigating dangerous side effects with a natural plant while still getting relief appeals to those in need seems like a win-win.

Opiates aren’t only addictive, but as patients build up a tolerance they build up the doses or find stronger versions, escalating the problem until overdosing is a serious concern.

Is it addictive?

The question of whether marijuana is addictive or not isn’t as straightforward as it is for other substances like heroin, nicotine, or even caffeine. Cannabis doesn’t produce a lot of the hallmarks that we traditionally associate with addiction. There won’t be the hard withdrawal symptoms of a physical addiction if you quit using marijuana, and few people are willing to forsake personal relationships just to get high.

That doesn’t mean that there aren’t any risks, however. Just like we can become addicted to cheeseburgers or blackjack, psychological dependence can form if marijuana becomes too ingrained in your life. Cannabis use disorder is a condition that is even recognized in the DSM-V, which is the official manual for psychiatric diagnosis.

Some of the signs of this disorder include:

  • Using large amounts of cannabis for extended periods of time.
  • Constantly craving marijuana, and unsuccessful attempts to cut down on use.
  • Spending too much time on activities revolving around acquiring, using, or recovering from marijuana.
  • Allowing cannabis use to get in the way of social responsibilities and relationships.
  • Ignoring physical harm to pursue marijuana use.
  • Developing an incredibly high tolerance for marijuana.

Only a small fraction of users develop cannabis use disorder, about 9%. By the time that a user is that dependent on the substance, there may be mild withdrawal symptoms like irritability, anxiety, restlessness, or depression.

Side effects

Like all drugs, marijuana isn’t perfect. Using cannabis will have some side effects. Not all users will experience them. For some of the short-term effects, they might indeed be the point. Whether you choose to use marijuana is up to you, but regardless you should know some of the possible problems you might encounter.

Short term effects

These effects are those of getting high. Some of them might be enjoyable, and some might drive you crazy. Some of the things you could experience include:

  • Altered senses
  • Distorted sense of time
  • Mood changes
  • Inability to move normally
  • Increased heart rate for 3 hours after smoking
  • Having a hard time thinking properly or performing problem-solving tasks
  • Impaired memory
  • Hallucinations or delusions
  • Psychosis, in rare cases

Long term effects

Much like cigarettes, smoking marijuana long-term can irritate the lungs. Many of the same breathing problems that tobacco smokers have, affect marijuana users too. Things like chronic cough and phlegm are possible, as well as higher incidences of lung illness and lung infections.

Further research is needed but it is thought that marijuana can impair thinking, memory, and the ability to learn along with how the brain makes new connections between different areas. Some studies have shown drops in IQ of 8 points. However, the biggest effects are when young adults are regularly exposed, it’s unclear if starting to smoke as an adult has the same effects. Scientists are unsure of whether these changes are permanent or not.

Pregnant mothers who smoke may put their babies at a higher risk of brain or behavioral problems. Lower birth weights have also been documented.

While there are negative side effects of using marijuana, death isn’t one of them. There have been no documented cases of an overdose of marijuana. Taking too high a dose of marijuana might make you uncomfortably high, but you will still be breathing at the end of it all.

Final thoughts

Trying cannabis can bring new life to everyday tasks and give you a different perspective on life. It can open you up to new experiences and expand what you believe is possible. Cannabis may be a worthy option to try to replace the bad habits in your life.

Conversely, marijuana isn’t without its issues. It may not be physically addictive, but there is a growing number of people who are psychologically dependent on the drug. You won’t die from using cannabis, but that doesn’t mean that you will be in perfect health either.

Before trying cannabis, take some time to think about what you want to get out of the experience. Consider if there is enough reward for you to be worth the risk. Marijuana can be a magical journey, but only if you are doing it for the right reasons.


Exploring the Basics of Marijuana Consumption

Marijuana can be a confusing subject if you are new to the plant. Even though the word marijuana refers to a single plant, Cannabis Sativa, and all marijuana contains cannabinoids like THC and CBD, there is so much more to it.

Selective breeding has cultivated a rainbow of different strains that all affect the user differently. Innovators are constantly creating new cannabis products that are absorbed differently, make you feel differently, and which have their own preferred applications.

Even the question of whether marijuana is legal or not is all muddled up. Every state has its own stance on whether it is legal or not and in what capacity.

So, let’s explore some of the basics of consuming marijuana. That means answering some of the most burning questions you probably have. Whether you are interested in medicinal or recreational use, this guide aims to give you a solid foundation on this expansive topic.

How and where is it legal?

The legality of marijuana is still a tricky subject. On a federal level, marijuana is still an illegal substance. While the national policy has kept its stance firm, many states have decided to enact their own laws in defiance. Back when medical marijuana was just becoming a thing, there was pushback from the feds resulting in DEA raids of medical shops and dispensaries.

Now, the government essentially lets states govern themselves. The only clash comes when dealing with national licensing like truckers getting examined by the DOT or military personnel stationed in states where marijuana is legal.

The pushback against the drug has lessened as more communities have embraced the plant, but exactly what is legal varies from state to state. A lot of what states determine is legal depends on the intended use of marijuana. More states are open to medical use versus recreational.

There are currently 11 different states and Washington DC that have legalized recreational marijuana. The legal age is always 21 and over. How much a person is allowed to have in their possession varies by state. The same thing goes for whether someone is allowed to grow their own plants at home.

The states where marijuana is legal are:

  • Alaska
  • California
  • Colorado
  • District of Columbia
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Nevada
  • Oregon
  • Vermont
  • Washington

Medical marijuana has been around longer and more states have adopted it. All the states that support recreational marijuana also allow medical use. Then there are 22 states that allow marijuana for medical use only.

Those states are:

  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Utah
  • West Virginia

The basic types of marijuana

Something that can be very confusing to beginners is the fact that while all marijuana is the Cannabis Sativa plant, there are many different strains and cultivars that have different effects when you use them. The exact variety of marijuana that is right for you will depend on what you want to get out of the experience.

Sativa

Marijuana that is a Sativa variety will be a taller plant with long thin leaves. The buds are usually less dense and can be feathery. The high that you get from a Sativa strain is associated with a head high. These strains are more uplifting and euphoric, perfect for daytime use. Sativas will stimulate the mind and senses more. You will get the kind of high that improves focus and concentration in people as well as increasing your energy and boosting your mood.

Indica

Plants that are Indicas are short and squat with wide, stubby leaves to match. The buds are denser. An Indica strain will be more relaxing, being associated with a ‘body high.’ Users prefer Indicas at the end of the day to unwind or just before bed. This strain is better at relaxing your mind and body. You will see more relief from pain and nausea from an Indica as well as reduced anxiety.

Hybrid

A hybrid strain is made by crossbreeding an Indica and a Sativa plant. There are few plants that are 100% one variety or the other. Instead, most modern strains will be a hybrid that is dominant in one type or the other.

A strain can focus on the effects of either type or it can be a more even split to give the user a more rounded high. Hybrids can offer the best of both Sativa and Indica strains with a balanced and relaxed euphoric effect.

CBD

The passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, which federally decriminalized hemp, has caused an explosion in the use of CBD. CBD is the other major cannabinoid present in cannabis besides THC. CBD alone will not get you high. To get the psychoactive effect of cannabis, you need THC. Any Cannabis Sativa plant that contains less than 0.3% THC is legally considered hemp.

Marijuana strains will list the ratio of CBD:THC in lab results. High CBD products will often have a ratio of 16:1 or 24:1

Even without the high, CBD can be beneficial. The cannabinoid helps with reducing inflammation. CBD can help people with chronic pain and can help boost your recovery after exercise. There are many pro athletes that have publicly endorsed CBD or invested in CBD companies because of the benefits they have gotten from the plant themselves.

How can you take it?

Inhalants

Inhaling is the most iconic method for consuming weed. There are many different ways to go about it. All of them include breathing in smoke or vapors so that THC can be absorbed into your lungs.

Joints are flowers or buds that are rolled up in paper and smoked like cigarettes. Blunts are essentially the same, but instead of paper, they use cigar wrappers. You can purchase them pre-rolled or learn how to roll your own.

Pipes will have a bowl to place the marijuana in and a straw-like stem to suck the smoke through when lit. Bongs are similar to pipes, but the smoke is pulled through water first to cool it, allowing you to take bigger hits.

Vaporizers user lower temperatures to turn the marijuana into vapor instead of the smoke of combustion. They can be small or large and use either the flower itself or concentrated oils.

Concentrates are very potent extracts that come in many forms like wax, shatter, hash, BHO, crumble, and resin. They require a special dab rig to use and offer the most intense high.

Ingestants

Edibles can come in almost any form as long as you put it in your mouth. This can be a solid option for people who don’t like the taste of smoke or want to be more discrete. Brownies are what everyone has heard of, but there are also cookies, cakes, gummies, pills, and drinks available too. They come prebaked and dosed at most dispensaries or you can buy concentrated oil or butter and make your own treats.

Other

Topical creams have become a popular way to relieve aches and pains by rubbing a small amount onto the skin. They can be applied exactly where needed and usually won’t get you high, focusing on dosing you with CBD.

Tinctures are concentrated liquid that you place under your tongue. These drops are usually odorless and tasteless for quick doses that still avoid inhaling acrid smoke.

How long does it take to kick in?

The method you use to bring marijuana into your body will determine how quickly you will start to feel the effects.

Inhaling marijuana will take effect almost immediately. Once you take the vapor or smoke into your lungs it takes about 5 seconds for your lungs to absorb all the THC. The high will start as soon as you take the hit, and continue to build for the next hour. After 15 minutes you will be experiencing most of the effects.

Placing drops under your tongue will have you feeling the effects in 5-15 minutes. This makes them popular because there isn’t any smoke to deal with or a long wait before it kicks in.

Ingesting methods are where people run into problems. Once you eat something with THC in it, it has to get digested, enter your bloodstream, and get processed by your liver before it reaches your brain. You will likely feel nothing for the first hour after taking a dose. Then after 1-2 hours, the effects will start to build, peaking after 3-4 hours.

It’s almost a universal mistake to think that it’s not working the first time you ingest marijuana. The worst thing you can do is get impatient and eat more. Whenever beginners end up getting too high, this is usually the reason why.

Topicals will start to work almost immediately, but the effect is localized. Transdermal topicals will penetrate into the bloodstream and take effect in an hour or so. Most creams and ointments, however, won’t go that deep which is fine because they are usually intended for pain relief of a particular area.

 

How long will the effects last?

The psychoactive effects of marijuana will last from one to six hours. Exactly how long depends on the individual. Some people will naturally feel the effects for a longer or shorter period depending on how their bodies metabolize the THC. It can also depend on how often they use marijuana and what kind of tolerance they have built up.

How much you consume will also affect the duration of the high. Larger doses will take a longer time to work through your system, but you will notice a bigger change to how high you get versus how long you stay there. Imbibing too much won’t make you high for days.

The biggest factor, however, is how you consume marijuana.

  • Inhaling methods like vaping, or smoking flower, like in joints or pipes will be effective for 1-3 hours.
  • Smoking concentrates will get the user very high for 2-3 hours.
  • Ingesting marijuana, like in brownies or gummies, will dose you for 3-6 hours.
  • Topical products won’t have the spike of a serious high but can last anywhere from 1-6 hours.
  • Drops will have you feeling it for 5-6 hours.

Final Thoughts

Hopefully, you now have a better idea of how marijuana might best fit into your life. You know which 11 states have recreational marijuana. You know the difference between an Indica and a Sativa. The most popular methods to consume marijuana have been revealed, and you know how long they will take to kick in and how long the feeling will last.

With an idea of what’s out there in the wide world of cannabis, you won’t know everything, but you will know enough to ask good questions.


Understanding What You’re Buying And What Lab Results Mean

Cannabis may be legal in some states, but it is still highly regulated. Any cannabis product that you purchase from a licensed facility will be lab-tested as part of the legal requirements. These tests tell you important details about that particular batch of cannabis if you know how to read it.

With one cannabis sample looking identical to another, it can be hard to tell what it is you are getting. These tests help prove that the cannabis you are buying is safe to consume, and it gives a hard number on the potency of the product to help you with dosing.

So what are these tests? Why do we need to have them, what are they looking for? And what tests can be done?

 

Why is Cannabis tested?

Cannabis is tested so that consumers know exactly what they are buying. States require these tests to be sure that all cannabis sold is compliant with safety regulations.

Marijuana is strictly watched, and lab results are available on file at every store where the marijuana is sold. Because it is so closely watched, it is very difficult to get dangerous marijuana in the hands of consumers.

Hemp is legal across the U.S. and doesn’t have the same testing standards. Whenever a reputable dealer sells hemp flower, they will have testing results. But for many hemp products on the market, it’s the wild west.

This lack of oversight has opened the doors to shady businesses trying to make a profit off the growing trend. There have been multiple hemp and CBD products that were sent for independent testing and came back with disturbing results. There have been extracts contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides, as well as bacteria and mold. The levels of CBD in samples also varied widely, and for a product that measures its active ingredient in milligrams, being a little bit off is a big deal.

Politicians are already being lobbied for changes to this system that will include more rigid testing requirements. Consumers can see the benefits of having their cannabis products tested.

Cannabis is very good at absorbing contaminants like heavy metals from the soil. You also don’t know whether the farmer used pesticides on the plants, or how well they treated the products. Marijuana can be susceptible to mold and mildew if not processed properly.

Different cannabis strains will also have very different properties, and it’s impossible to tell them apart. Even trained police dogs are unable to pick out marijuana from hemp. This has become a huge problem for law enforcement since hemp was legalized in the 2018 Farm Bill. While the effects of the two plants couldn’t be different, they look, smell, and taste the same.

Separating out different marijuana strains is even more difficult. Without proper testing, there would be no way to tell what percentage of cannabinoids a sample has in it. When it comes to dosing, that’s important. A strain that is 15% THC will affect the user much differently than one that is 30%.

 

What are cannabis tests looking for?

There are many different tests that an accredited lab can perform, however not all of them are required. The most common ones are those that are required by the state. Other specialty products may get additional testing to help differentiate their product, but they are above and beyond what has to be analyzed. These specialty tests include looking at the terpene profiles of the sample. There are two main questions that most tests are required to answer.

How potent is the sample?

Testing samples for potency is critical to the sale of cannabis. Even the same strain grown by the same grower in identical conditions may end up with a different proportion of THC each year. To have accurate numbers for consumers, labs will look at what cannabinoids are present. They will look for THC and CBD levels, as they are by far the most common cannabinoids, and provide a few different metrics.

  • The test for the percentage of cannabinoids per weight. That is where that 17% THC number comes in. It is the percent of THC present in marijuana by dry weight.
  • The ratio of THC:CBD is measured. A higher ratio will have stronger psychoactive effects because CBD is an antagonist to THC that will act to balance it out.
  • The total weight of the cannabinoids present is measured, usually given in milligrams.

Is the cannabis contaminated?

If either marijuana or hemp isn’t grown and processed properly, it can become contaminated. These contaminants come in many forms and they can be introduced at all steps in the manufacture of the final product making sure that the cannabis is safe to consume is an important role of lab testing.

Chemical contaminants can be introduced while the crop is planted. In the field, cannabis can be exposed to pesticides, which can leave residues behind. There are lists of banned pesticides maintained by regulatory bodies in each state. Cannabis has to be clear of those before it can be sold.

The processing of cannabis can also contaminate the crop. Extracts use solvents to pull the cannabinoids out of the biomass. There can be residual solvents that remain in the final oil or concentrate like ethanol, butane, and xylene. How much of these solvents and other contaminants are allowed in the final product varies from state to state.

Microbial contaminants are able to flourish if the cannabis isn’t properly cultivated or processed. Multiple illnesses can befall cannabis while it is still in the field. If the plants don’t completely dry during the curing process, that leaves them open to a whole host of toxic organisms taking up residence.

With the risk of fungi, mold, and mildew infecting the crop, cannabis needs to be tested before it is safe to ingest. Once a contaminated plant dries it can be difficult to detect.

In addition to the risks while growing the crop, there can be errors in handling it too. Just like any other substance that is consumed by humans, staff handling cannabis has to be careful. If proper hygiene isn’t followed there is Salmonella and E. Coli to worry about.

These bacteria and mycotoxins are dangerous if ingested. People who already have compromised immune systems or other medical conditions are at an even greater risk, which is isn’t ideal if the cannabis is medicinal.

Physical contaminants also have the possibility to taint the crop too. Using poor cultivation or packaging procedures can allow these contaminants to settle on the plants. If the plants aren’t properly cared for after harvest, the contaminants will make their way to the shelf. These contaminants include things like dirt, dust, hair, and any other nasty things that are living in the soil.

Heavy metals are a major concern. Cannabis is a plant that will take contaminants out of the soil in a process called bioaccumulation. This is why hemp is being investigated to help rehab pollution ridden land, but this can be bad news for consumers. Any heavy metals present will end up in the stems, stalks, leaves, and precious flowers of the adult plant. Some of the worst culprits that are always tested for include lead, mercury, cadmium, and arsenic.

What tests are used?

There are three major tests used by most labs to analyze cannabis. Those tests are analytical chromatography, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Analytical chromatography (GC, HPLC) works by dissolving a sample in a fluid and then pouring it through an absorbent. Since different chemicals move through the absorbant at different rates, they will leave behind different colors on the medium. The colors seen in the final spread will indicate which compounds are present and in what concentration.

There are different methods for chromatography. The most commonly used methods for cannabis testing are gas chromatography (GC), and liquid chromatography (LC). The best submethod of LC that is regularly used is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

 

Mass spectrometry (MS) takes a sample and ionizes all the compounds. Then all the compounds are exposed to a magnetic field. Technicians look at how much the magnetic field makes them move on a spectrum and analyze the results.

 

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) measures the magnetic fields of nuclei. A sample is exposed to a magnetic field and then radio waves are shot at it. The radio waves excite the nuclei of the atoms, and radio receivers detect the changes. Different atoms react differently to the added energy, and the lab can tell the structure of the molecules and compounds in the sample.

NMR is becoming more popular because unlike the other tests, it is non-destructive. There aren’t harsh solvents to worry about and the test is much faster to perform.

 

Final Thoughts

Having cannabis tested before it gets to the end consumer is the best way to ensure that the product is safe. There are many things that can go wrong with producing cannabis in every step of the process. Testing keeps producers accountable.

When labs test a sample they are primarily looking at the potency of the sample and seeing what contaminants are present. The tests will show what cannabinoids that cannabis has, in what proportions, and how much so that the buyer will be able to more accurately dose.

Contaminants are thoroughly tested to be sure that the plant is safe for humans to consume. Labs carefully look for chemical, microbial, physical, and heavy metal contaminants.

Testing is a legal requirement for all states that sell cannabis, but each state is allowed to create its own policies and set their own limits on contaminants. This rigorous oversight is keeping cannabis users safe, and state-accredited labs busy.


5 Things to Ask Before Your First Visit to a Dispensary

Your first visit to a dispensary can be overwhelming if you aren’t prepared. Before those doors swing open, you want to ask yourself a few questions about what you are looking to get from your cannabis experience and think about what kind of cannabis you are looking for.

You want to nail down the basics, like whether you are looking for a recreational experience or your interests are more medical in nature. You should have an idea of what consumption methods you are comfortable with. 

However, you also want to dive a little deeper and consider a few of these questions to make sure you will get the best experience. You want to know things like where the cannabis came from and how it’s going to affect you.

How is this cannabis produced?

Ask where the product comes from and what the company’s practices are that made it. If concerns like sustainable farming and eco-friendly practices are important to you, they might not be on the packaging. If you want your products to be organic, make sure they are before you buy them

Knowing whether something was sun-grown or cultivated indoors will tell you about the farmers and what to expect from the experience. This is more prudent if you are looking for flower, but other products like vapes and edibles warrant their due diligence as well. 

What tests have been done on this product?

Any reputable shop will have the testing results on hand for all of their products for sale. If they try to avoid the question, that could be a red flag that you are dealing with a bad seller or they are trying to unload subpar products on you. 

The actual tests that were performed will also matter. You will want to know the cannabinoid profiles of the batch, as well as if any contaminants were present. For higher-end craft cannabis, your dispensary may also spring for a full terpene profile to be done for a sample as well to showcase the unique flavors and fragrances that a particular batch of craft cannabis holds.

What terpenes are available?

These natural oils are what give particular strains their unique flavors, smells, and effects. Many of the smelling and tasting notes that come with high-quality cannabis are because of terpenes. Consider what smells and fragrances you enjoy and use that as a base to ask your budtender what they recommend. These sensations will be present far before the high, and choosing one you like will likely mean choosing a cannabis strain that you enjoy. Earthy, piney, fragrant flowers, pungent pepper, berries, or sweetness can all come through in the bouquet of craft cannabis. 

While the effects are still being studied, there are also reported therapeutic effects of certain terpenes. Depending on the terpenes present it will change the effect as you consume it. Examples include linalool and its relaxative powers, pinene to keep your head clear, or myrcene to put you to sleep.

What are the effects of this product?

What you are looking to get out of your marijuana experience will dictate what product will be best for you. Are you looking to be active or glued to the couch? Do you want more of a body high or a head high? Are you looking for a recreational pastime, or are you looking for relief from some ailment? How long do you want the effects to last? How intense you want the experience to be? 

What activities suit this product?

Don’t just consider how you are going to consume cannabis, but think about what you are going to be doing while it’s in effect. Some products will be well suited to being out and about and staying with you as you stay active. Other products will be more focused on quiet contemplation and inner experience.

Final Thoughts

These aren’t the only things to consider before you decide to try cannabis, but they are offbeat questions that you might not think about right away. These are helping you to narrow down what kind of products you are interested in and to get you primed to ask good questions of your budtender. 

We know there is so much more information out there, but we also know that you don’t want to be overwhelmed by a wall of info at your first outing. That’s why at Medcare Farms, we do our best to give you the information you need and skip the things that don’t apply to you. 

We pool together our expert growing knowledge with the practical know-how of seasoned budtenders to do our best to give you the ultimate craft cannabis experience. Come Visit us at our flagship store in Lake Elsinore 29395 Hunco Way, Lake Elsinore, CA 92530 to see for yourself or check us out on social media.

Instagram: @medcarefarms  

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Exploring the Basics of Marijuana Consumption.

As cannabis becomes more widely embraced, the deeper the niche becomes. As people continue to explore what this group of plants is capable of, both through clinical research and personal experimentation, the demand for more specific products has exploded.

For decades we were terrified of THC, but now states are standing up for the substance in defiance of the federal government. When hemp became de-scheduled in the 2018 Farm Bill, we started putting CBD in everything. With cannabis so mainstream, there is finally the possibility to explore the lesser-known cannabinoids, cannabigerol (CBG) being one of them.

So what is CBG? What do we know about this cannabinoid and what are the potential benefits of using it?

 

What is cannabigerol?

What is CBG?

Cannabigerol is a cannabinoid, one of over 120 different compounds found in the genus of plants that we call cannabis. You can find CBG in both of the main cannabis camps, being present in hemp and marijuana. It’s classified as a minor cannabinoid because harvested plants contain only 1% CBG.

If you want to get technical, CBG is the non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) the precursor for all other cannabinoids. If you don’t want to get technical, think of it like this, CBG is the mother of all other cannabinoids. It is the molecule that cannabis plants use to create all other cannabinoids.

All three of the main cannabinoid lines, or groups, are produced from CBG. That includes tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA). Different enzymes in the plant will break down CBGA and turn it into whichever cannabinoid it chooses.

Cannabigerol is not psychoactive and will work similarly to CBD to antagonize the CB1 receptors that THC binds to, causing its mind-altering effects.

 

What is CBG medcarefarms

How do you get CBG?

CBG is found in all cannabis plants in tiny amounts. With mounting interest for the compound, the race is on to try to get our hands on more of it.

There will be small amounts of CBG in full-spectrum hemp extract because the entire plant is used. There may not be enough CBG in these products to receive a targeted dose, but it is still present. CBG is one of the compounds that give full-spectrum hemp extract its reported synergistic benefits like the entourage effect.

With targeted cultivars of hemp and marijuana reaching 20% by dry weight in their respective cannabinoids, the percentage of CBG in most plants is disheartening. In a field that already demands thousands of pounds of hemp to be processed to pull out the cannabinoids, processing CBG requires 10 or 20 times that amount.

Because it is so hard to produce in any quantity, CBG is expensive. The difficulty to produce it and the high price tag has caught the attention of many hemp producers. In an industry that is flooded with CBD, and which doesn’t yet have the infrastructure to process it all, finding specialized niches are profitable ways for growers to differentiate themselves.

Plant breeders are currently working to develop high CBG strains of hemp. Using the same techniques they used to grow plants that have much higher CBD content, they can produce plants with a much higher yield. For these hopeful breeders, it can take up to three years to develop the specific genetics needed.

Until there are stable cultivars available that target CBG, some extractors are also looking to optimize the growing cycle for CBG and harvesting the plants when they are producing the highest percentages. Scientists have found that six weeks into an eight-week flowering cycle is ideal.

This process yields higher amounts of CBG, but it’s still nowhere near the numbers for CBD or THC. Once everything is optimized, growers can end up with plants that are up to 5% CBG. Harvesting so early means that the other cannabinoids didn’t get a chance to fully develop, making the plants only useful for CBG extraction. So growers have to completely optimize the process, watch it closely, and they will still need to extract four times as much biomass to get an equivalent amount of CBG.

 

What are the conditions that could be benefited by CBG?

Much of the excitement around CBG revolves around the potential medical benefits we could get from it. Once again, this is a place where consumers have jumped ahead of scientific research. People are anxious to try the cannabinoid out for themselves, which has driven demand for CBG exponentially in the past few years.

As far as what we can say definitively about the benefits of CBG, there isn’t much. That doesn’t mean that cannabigerol doesn’t do anything, it just means that it will take some time to find out. There are several different fields that look promising for CBG. Multiple studies have started to investigate using CBG to treat certain ailments.

benefits of cbg glaucoma
GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma – The condition damages the optic nerve, putting the patient at risk of losing their vision. The damage is caused by high pressure in the eye. CBG is being looked at because it is an excellent vasodilator and has neuroprotective effects as well. It’s promising for glaucoma because the cannabinoid is effective at reducing intraocular pressure.

Inflammatory bowel disease – Term encompasses several diseases that are involved with inflammation in the digestive tract. Conditions that fall under this umbrella include Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Both of these diseases usually include symptoms like diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, and weight loss which can be debilitating. The anti-inflammatory properties of cannabinoids like CBG are why it’s being looked at to help treat the symptoms of this ailment.

Huntington’s disease– The disease is a rare genetic condition that causes nerve cells in the brain to break down. It is degenerative and there is no cure. CBG is being looked at because it demonstrated effectiveness in protecting neurons in mice with Huntington’s.

Colorectal cancer – Also known as bowel cancer, this refers to cancer that affects the colon and the rectum. CBG is promising because it can block receptors that cause cancer cell growth. It’s been shown in mice to stop the growth of cancer cells, inhibiting tumors and colon carcinogenesis. The possibility that CBG could stop cancer from spreading or starting in the first place is exciting.

Cachexia– This disease is a wasting disorder that shows up as severe muscle wasting and weight loss. Cachexia is different from other forms of weight loss in that it is involuntary. People become weak and vulnerable to infections. Patients with the disorder are usually in the late stages of another serious disease like cancer, HIV, AIDS, COPD, kidney disease, and congestive heart failure. A loss of appetite is one of the biggest reasons for these symptoms. CBG has been shown to help stimulate people’s appetites.

Bladder contractions – These contractions are when the bladder muscle spasms without warning, giving the sufferer an urgent need to relieve themselves. CBG has was shown to be better than other cannabinoids at stopping muscle contractions.

Antibacterial agent – CBG is being researched as an antibacterial agent. It has been shown to be effective against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is already resistant to several drugs.

Other applications for CBG are being looked at as well including using it as an analgesic, for treating psoriasis, and an antidepressant.

 

Side effects

The specific side effects of CBG aren’t well understood at this time. There isn’t enough research on the compound to be able to identify any conditions with certainty. This may change as more effort goes into studying cannabigerol.

It’s also unknown whether CBG interacts with different over the counter medications. There isn’t any research that says that there is a problem, but again that is due to a lack of reliable data. To be on the safe side, be cautious when mixing CBG with any medication that has a grapefruit warning.

CBD is thought to possibly affect how the human body metabolizes certain medications as well. While there isn’t anything saying that CBG would have the same issues since the two compounds are so similar it’s best to be cautious.

Conclusion

Cannabigerol is a cannabinoid that has a lot of potential. Being the mother of all cannabinoids, it can offer some interesting insight into how cannabinoids affect our health.

Since it’s such a minor cannabinoid, CBG can be expensive to grow and extract. While producers scramble to grow and extract CBG for a growing market, prices remain high. Breeders are already working on developing CBG forward cultivars of cannabis and optimizing harvesting to get the most CBG out of plants.

Scientists and consumers are eagerly exploring the possible benefits that CBG has to offer. Promising research is being done that could show CBG as an effective treatment for half a dozen diseases including cancer, glaucoma, and Huntington’s disease among others.


The Economic and Social cost of Weed Legalization

Economic and Social cost of Weed Legalization

Just like most people, you may be in a dilemma about weed business, this could be brought about by the fears of engaging in the black market, but there's no need to worry anymore. Take a step and do what you think is right. The following information will guide you to make wise decisions on weed business.

There has been an increase in the use of weed currently for both medicinal and recreational purposes. Due to this increase, some countries have legalized weed. Legalization has led to positive and negative impacts, both economically and socially.

Legal weed has provided the community with a real economic boost since it brings money. It has been noted that the positive result of weed legalization outweighs the negative ones in a big way. However, it is good to consider the negative impacts as well and the effects on individuals. 

Let's take a closer look at the economic and social costs of weed legalization. 

Economic costs

There are a number of benefits that have been realized in the weed business.

1. An increase in tax revenue has been reported

A large sum of money is being sourced in selling weed products. Legalization has made it possible for people to engage in weed business without any fear. This has increased government revenue, as well.

2. Creating jobs

Jobs have been created for many individuals to work in weed nurseries, dispensaries, processing distribution, and selling of weed products. 

3. Saved money

Individuals have saved money as a result of weed legalization. Earlier on, getting weed was quite a challenge; people could hardly engage in the business, making the price of weed to be so high. 

4. Increased investments 

The legalization of weed has created an opportunity for investors; the sales have increased, resulting in more profits. 

5. Cost of packaging

The legalization of weed has increased the number of dealers involved in the weed business. Weed should be well packed. 

6. Increase in living standards

The economy of countries that have legalized weed has greatly improved. As a result, individuals' income has gone up, leading to high standards of living. 

Social costs

1. Public health.

Marijuana is known as a cure for many ailments. It can be used on patients for pain relief. Diabetes cases are also treated with marijuana, among other diseases.

2. Crimes and social justice.

Legalization has made it easy to sell and buy weed, which is no longer a crime to carry out any weed business.

3. Public safety.

Legalizing weed has a negative impact on public safety. Accidents have been caused by individuals driving under the influence of weed. This is due to the lack of proper coordination.

4. Increased welfare dependence.

As a result of weed legalization, people have easy access to weed. Individuals who use weed can hardly engage in work or rather get employed. This has made them highly dependent on their family members in anything they need.

5. School dropouts.

Teens have been really affected by weed, especially in academics. Learning under the influence of pot is difficult; one can hardly concentrate without a sober mind. In such cases, students perform poorly, leading to dropouts.

6. Relationship problems.

As more cases of use of weed have increased, relationship problems have increased too. Weed users can hardly manage a relationship. Some reported t to be violent and can harm those who annoy them.

7. Abuse of other substances.

Weed is one substance that most people consider dangerous. However, the legalization of marijuana changes the image people had on weed, and they may consider other substances harmless as well.

Conclusion.

Countries that have legalized weed have reported having a great improvement in the economy. Unfortunately, negative results have increased, making it risky to have weed as a legalized drug.


Marijuana Legalization Legislation Approved by Three Senate Committees in Mexico

Marijuana Legalization Legislation Approved by Three Senate Committees in Mexico

March/9/2020

Mexico News Daily reported that new draft legislation was approved in Mexico by three Senate Committees. The bill would create a legal and regulated market for medical, recreational, and industrial marijuana.

The news outlet further reported that the legislation was voted in by twenty-six senators at a joint meeting of the Justice, Health and Legislative Committees, seven senators opposed it, while eight abstained from voting.

According to Mexico News Daily, the legislation would make changes to the Federal Health Law in Mexico and the federal criminal code legalizing marijuana for personal use and limiting it at 28 grams. The legislation would permit patients to grow a maximum of 20 plants for medical use as long as they have the permit by the Mexican Cannabis Institute, which is a department that is yet to be launched by Mexico Government.

The news outlet further reported that under the legislation, marijuana possession would be classified as drug trafficking is an individual is found with more than 200 grams of marijuana. Within the first five years of legalization, 40% of the marijuana production permits would be issued to applicants living in communities that were affected by drug trafficking.

The bill would be debated further in another meeting held by the three Senate Committees, reported Mexico News Daily. And for the legislation to become law, it would be approved by the Lower House and promulgated by President Lopez Obrador.

In 2019, Mexico’s Supreme Court issued a ruling stating that it is unconstitutional to ban recreational marijuana, and the lawmakers were forced to regulate cannabis at the federal level.

Last year on October 17, Mexico Senate Committees introduced legislation that would legalize and regulate recreational marijuana. However, the legislators failed to pass the bill within the deadline, which was imposed by the Supreme Court, the end of October. The Supreme Court has extended the deadline to April 30.


Colorado Approved the First Pesticide to be Used on Hemp and Updated their Marijuana Pesticides List

Colorado Approved the First Pesticide

March/09/2020

Colorado has updated the list of pesticides that can be used on marijuana without violating the 

Pesticide Applicator’s Act. It added the following products:

Cueva Fungicide Concentrate, SLN CO-200001 

This is colorado’s first pesticide to be registered for use on hemp. According to Section 24 (c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Acts (FIFRA), states are allowed to register more uses of a federally registered pesticide. The pesticide can be used for distribution as well as to meet an “a special local need” (SLN) in a particular state.

Farmers using the Cueva Fungicide Concentrate under the SLN registration must have both the product and the SLN label when they are applying on hemp. The SLN label can be obtained from the Department of Agriculture in Colorado (CDA) website.

Cueva Fungicide Concentrate cannot be applied to marijuana. 

Currently, the Department of Agriculture in Colorado is reviewing pesticide labels. They are also maintaining a list of reviewed products that can be used on marijuana without violating 35-10-117 (1). The Application has to adhere to the directions on the label strictly. 

Before buying the pesticides, please review the list to ensure that the product is on the updated list. If the registrant has not renewed their pesticide products within the department, the pesticide products might be removed from the list of allowed products.