Cannabidiol, also CBD, is a popular compound from the cannabis plant that has been a hot topic of research over the past few years due to its ability to relieve anxiety, pain, and inflammation.
Unlike its counterpart THC, CBD is non-psychoactive and has gained much popularity because of how interacts with the endocannabinoid system.
Hemp-extracted CBD oil is legally sold online and in retail shops, and can be ingested orally, vaped, or applied topically.
Benefits of CBD
The most common benefit of taking CBD is its calming effects that result from reduced anxiety, CBD is also reported to be useful in helping regulate sleeping patterns, enhancing appetite, relaxing muscles after workouts, and reducing inflammation.
People and other mammals, reptiles, fish, and birds all have an endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is responsible for maintaining the body in an optimal state. In other words, the ECS works to maintain your body in a stable condition whereby everything functions at its best, regardless of what could be going on outside it.
Endocannabinoids like NADA, 2-AG, and anandamide help in regulating psychological systems in the body. Interestingly, endocannabinoids work opposite to traditional neurotransmitters. For example, Dopamine released from presynaptic cells flows across the synapse, attaching itself to the postsynaptic cell.
Endocannabinoids get synthesized on demand, and flow back to the presynaptic cell from the postsynaptic cell, making the presynaptic cell to stop releasing neurotransmitters or to slow down the release. Hence, endocannabinoid work as flow-control mechanisms.
The Clinical Efficiency Syndrome (CECD) is a medical diagnosis whereby someone is determined not to be releasing enough cannabinoids. CECD plays a significant role in conditions like:
· Parkinson’s disease
· Substance abuse
· Chronic anxiety
CBD and Other Endocannabinoids
CBD offers an ideal way of combating CECD and is hence capable of treating a number of other serious ailments. While not yet proven, medical experts believe that CBD inhibits the production of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase. The fatty acid is the main molecule that recycles and breaks down endocannabinoids. However, CBD experts its benefits in more ways beyond this.
Other therapeutic actions by CBD include:
1. Binding Dopamine D2 receptor: CBD acts like many antipsychotic pharmaceutical drugs by targeting the D2 receptor. This explains the benefits of CBD in helping to manage schizophrenia anecdotally.
2. Potentiating Glycine Receptor: Glycine receptors are abundant inhibitory receptors in the CNS and play a huge task in pain proprioception through the brainstem of the spinal cord. CBD potentiates these receptors and hence cuts down chronic pain and inflammation.
3. Activating 5-ht1A: At higher doses, CBD activates 5-ht1A receptors that help in controlling addiction, appetite, anxiety, sleep, nausea, pain perception, and vomiting.
4. Activating TRPV1: TRPV1 receptors regulate body temperature, inflammation, and pain. CBD and an array of cannabinoids like CBN, CBG, CBC, CBDV, and THCV are known to affect TRPV1 channels.
- Activating PPAR Gamma: The cells nuclei in our body have PPAR gamma receptors tasked with removing beta-amyloid plaque that contributes to Alzheimer’s. CBD activates PPAR gamma that also controls insulin sensitivity and dopamine release, thus reducing the chances of diabetes and schizophrenia.
- Enhancing Adenosine: CBD moderately inhibits adenosine reuptake. This reduces the chances of autoimmune conditions and inflammation.
- Antagonizing GPR55: GRP55 receptors are abundantly present in the brain and help in controlling bone density and blood pressure. These receptors also encourage cancer cells’ proliferation when tuned on – CBD aids at turning them off. This sheds light on the possible role of CBD in helping people with osteoporosis and high blood pressure.
There is a massive increase in research around CBD as a useful resource in relief. However, the FDA is yet to approve statements regarding medical claims on CBD.